Diabetes Guide | Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Treatment |

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes affects people of all ages and sizes. A person with diabetes has to keep his blood sugar under control or there can be serious consequences including coma and death. Patients with diabetes must go to a doctor to develop a diabetes treatment plan and stay healthy. Patients with pre-diabetes can avoid developing this disease with proper preventative diabetes treatment from a qualified medical professional. People get three types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. A person with type 1 diabetes cannot make insulin, a hormone that helps regulate metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Type 1 diabetes is sometimes referred to as juvenile diabetes because it typically affects young people, although it can develop at any age. Someone with congenital diabetes is born with this disease, but type 1 diabetes commonly appears in childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, afflicts both young and old people. With type 2 diabetes the body does not make a sufficient amount of insulin or does not use it efficiently. Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy, around the 24th week, but typically goes away after birth.

Diabetes Symptoms and Diabetes Signs

Learn about diabetes symptoms to know if you are developing this serious disease. Extreme hunger and thirst or unexplained weight loss represent common diabetes symptoms for type 1 diabetes. Urinating frequently, feeling extremely tired and irritability are also type 1 diabetes symptoms. All type 1 diabetes symptoms also apply to type 2 diabetes. However, type 2 diabetes symptoms also include slow healing wounds, blurry vision, frequent infections and tingling or numbness in your hands and feet. Sometimes people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at all. Women with gestational diabetes frequently have no diabetes symptoms, too. Gestational diabetes symptoms are usually mild and present as frequent urination or excessive thirst which a woman might mistake as normal symptoms of pregnancy. If you think you are experiencing diabetes symptoms, contact your health professional for diabetes treatment.

Diabetes Treatment and Diabetes Medication

Currently there is no known cure for diabetes, but diabetes treatment successfully helps most patients to control this disease. Diabetes treatment is similar for both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. It centers on keeping blood sugar levels under control. However, each patient’s case is unique and requires a personalized diabetes treatment plan. Your doctor may prescribe medications and insulin injections as part of your diabetes treatment. Following a careful diet and keeping your weight under control represent natural diabetes treatment. That’s why your doctor might recommend consulting with a dietician as part of your diabetes treatment plan. A dietician can help people with diabetes avoid foods that elevate their blood sugar such as white flour products including bread, pasta and sweets along with starchy vegetables like potatoes. People with diabetes learn to administer some diabetes treatments themselves. A diabetes treatment plan may prescribe insulin injections, which diabetics commonly inject themselves at home or work. A diabetes treatment plan usually employs the use of use small blood glucose meters. These devices prick the patient’s finger to draw a drop of blood. It then detects and reports the blood sugar level. Patients refer to their diabetes treatment plan for solutions when their blood sugar level is too high. Keeping a written record of your blood sugar levels helps your doctor develop the best plan for diabetes treatment.